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Jargon Buster

There are many acronyms used in education and by staff in schools. Hopefully, the list below will help demystify some of them for you.


APP - Assessing Pupils' Progress - APP is a structured approach to periodically assessing maths, science, reading, writing and speaking and listening skills.


EAL - English as an Additional Language - Refers to children whose first language(s) is/are not English and who may not yet be speaking English fluently or even at all.


EYFS - Early Years Foundation Stage - A framework for care and education of children from birth to five years of age.


EBD - Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties


EWO - Education Welfare Officer - Person employed by the Local Authority to help parents and the LA meet their statutory obligations in relation to school attendance.


ESOL - English for Speakers of Other Languages or English as a Second or Other Language - If English is not your main language you can take part in a course to help you improve your English. These courses are called ESOL.


FSM - Free School Meals


G & T - Gifted and Talented


GTP - Graduate Teacher Programme


HLTA - Higher Level Teaching Assistant


ICT - Information and Communication Technology


INSET - In-Service Education and Training - Training for staff which takes place during the school year.


ITT - Initial Teacher Training


KS1 - Key Stage 1 - 5-7 years old


KS2 - Key Stage 2 - 7-11 years old


LA - Local Authority


LSA - Learning Support Assistant


MFL - Modern Foreign Languages


MLD - Moderate Learning Difficulties


NQT - Newly Qualified Teacher


PE - Physical Education


PPA - Planning, Preparation and Assessment Time


PSHE - Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education


QTS - Qualified Teacher Status


RE - Religious Education


SATs - Standard Attainment Tests/Tasks - National Curriculum Tests and Tasks which take place at the end of Key Stage 1 and at the end of Key Stage 2.


SEND - Special Educational Needs and Disability - The Code of Practise 2014 states ‘A child has SEND where their learning difficulty or disability calls for special educational provision, that is provision different from or additional to that normally available to pupils of the same age.'


SENDCO - Special Educational Needs and Disability Co-ordinator


SLD - Severe Learning Difficulties


SLT - Senior Leadership Team